The Giardini is an area of parkland, in the east of the city of Venice, that has been the traditional venue for the Venice Art Biennale since 1895. Laid out during the Napoleonic era it now hosts the Central Pavilion and a further 29 national pavilions, built at various periods by the participating countries themselves.
At this year's Venice Art Biennale, visitors were greeted by the first new structure of a country pavilion to be built this century. Replacing the temporary structure used since 1988, Australia has erected a permanent venue at a cost of around 7.5 million dollars.
Overlooking the Rio dei Giardini, the pavilion was designed by Australian architecture firm Denton Corker Marshall from Melbourne. Their idea, the result of an architectural competition in 2012, can be summed up as 'Black Box – White Cube'.
The outside is a monolithic black box, with the new structure resting on a base level clad in the same black granite. The interior is dominated by a large rectilinear space of around 240 m2 that will be used for changing exhibitions. Its design as a white cube accommodates the requirement of a largely neutral and flexible volume intended to house new art presentations year after year.
The illumination of the exhibition space required a flexible, versatile solution. The lighting designers, Arup Australia, opted for a double garland of recessed ERCO track equipped with Opton LED spotlights. These lighting tools lend themselves for use at the Biennale pavilion for several reasons. Their narrow, linear shape ensures that they remain inconspicuous. At the same time, their powerful light makes certain that the room is illuminated as required. Thanks to the interchangeable lenses in the form of ERCO Spherolit lenses, Opton also allows for different light distributions – from Narrow spot, Spot, Flood, Wide flood and Oval flood to Wallwash.
The result fulfils changing scenographic requirements and ensures ideal illumination effectively for whatever is being exhibited. The lenses, specially developed by ERCO for LED technology, produce highly precise and uniform light that renders objects in brilliant colours while guaranteeing a spectrum free of IR and UV components for optimal protection of the artwork. The decision to specify ERCO's LED lighting tools was in consideration of energy efficiency and a long service life. A Biennale pavilion, after all, should be built for eternity.
Images Credit: ERCO GmbH, www.erco.com, photo: Sebastian Mayer, Berlin/Germany